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The Peace Treaties



1.  The Conference

2.  Aims

3.  Terms

4.  German reactions

5.  Verdicts

6.  Other treaties

7.  Self-test



•  Revision sheet

•  Hard-copy booklet

•  Exemplar AQA Assessment

•  Exemplar OCR Assessment


How did the Treaty of Versailles establish peace? - Views of historians


  International relations 1919-39: basic narrative overview

Peace to War 1919-39: clear overview aimed at the old AQA GCSE.


A map of the Treaty changes

History Learning Site (excellent)

IGCSE notes: an exemplar set of student notes



Basic, informative overview by Tom Griffith



- BBC debate-podcast on whether the ToV was fair

- Scott Allsop's podcast on the peace treaties

- Giles Hill on the Treaty


Alistair Cooke on the Treaty

- quirky view



Old-fashioned educational summary (hostile)

- BBC video Make Germany Pay Parts 1 and 2



  Fab lecture by Prof. Donald G Wileman - including a useful survey of the historiography

Interview with Margaret Macmillan on PBS TV

A personal evaluation of the Treaty by Prof. Raffael Scheck

An evaluation by Hans Schmitt - very difficult



An ActiveHistory 'Fling the Teacher' Quiz







In this module you will learn:  

  • The names of the ‘Big Three’ leaders at the Versailles Conference.

  • The aims of Clemenceau (4), Wilson (7) and Lloyd George (5) at the Conference.

  • The FOUR main terms of the Treaty of Versailles [BRAT].

  • Five reasons the Germans were angry about the Treaty of Versailles [UBRAT].

  • What Clemenceau, Wilson and Lloyd George felt about the Treaty of Versailles.

  • The FOUR other treaties of 1919–1920 [SaiNTS].

  • FOUR reasons the Treaty of Versailles was more important than them.

  • FIVE new nation-states created in 1919–1920 [CHAPS].

  • Four problems with self-determination [WiGWaM].