1900-1914: Alliances and Arms Race
Make sure you have detailed factual knowledge about AND HAVE THOUGHT ABOUT the following issues and topics:
WHY DID TENSION INCREASE IN EUROPE 1900-1914?
1. A description of the Alliance System before the war.
2. The effects of the Alliances.
3. A description of the Arms Race before the war
4. The effects of the Arms Race.
WHY DID TENSION INCREASE IN EUROPE, 1900-1914?
e-book on the background to WWI.
1. The Triple Alliance frightened France, who saw it as part of a German plan to take over Europe
2. The Triple Entente alarmed Germany, which felt itself surrounded by the France-Russia alliance.
3. Britain's alliance with Japan allowed the British navy to concentrate on European waters - which alarmed Germany and led to the naval crisis in 1908.
4. The alliances led to confrontations (e.g. Algericas 1906 - the French opposed Germany over Morocco because they knew that they would be supported by Britain and Russia)
The alliances led countries to be more
aggressive (e.g Austr ia
in 1914 after Germany's 'blank cheque')
ia in 1914 after Germany's 'blank cheque')
6. Caused the war?
1. As one country increased its armies, so all the others were frightened and felt obliged to increase their armed forces to keep the ‘balance of power’.
2. The German Navy Law of 1900 frightened the British and led to the Dreadnought crisis of 1908.
3. The HUGE German Army convinced the other countries that Germany wanted to dominate Europe (e.g. British novels imagined what would happen if the Germans invaded).
4. Equally, there was a feeling among German generals that they COULD win a war
5. The Russian army was growing the fastest, and German generals were worried that, in a few years time, they would not be able to defeat Russia - so at a meeting with the Kaiser in 1912, the German general Moltke said: 'War the sooner the better'.
6. Caused the war?