Events of the
The Provisional Government was faced by massive problems
(inflation, hunger, peasant riots, war, Bolshevik and Tsarist
The Petrograd Soviet issued Order No. 1 – workers and soldiers
must obey the Provisional Government only if the Soviet agrees.
However, the Soviets were still controlled by the Mensheviks
The German government smuggled the Bolshevik leader Lenin back
into Russia. He published his manifesto: the ‘April Theses’.
Failure of the June military offensive against Austria.
Bolshevik riots – the July Days – were defeated, but the
Bolshevik Party was not banned.
General Kornilov revolted, but was defeated by the Bolsheviks.
The Bolsheviks (extremist Communists) took over the Petrograd
Soviet (Trotsky became its President).
6–7 Nov (24–25 October old style)