examples, you can see the points which were ticked
by the examiner, and - if you mouseover the maroon 'Mark '
at the end of each example - you can see what level and
mark the answer got and why)
All the following answers are actual answers by pupils
in the 2005 examination.
For each, study them with a friend and - using the
work out what mark you would have given the answer and
why. Then mouseover the
at the end of the question and see what it actually got
When you think you have got the
measure of 'what makes a good answer', try one of the
two 'exam practice' questions
at the end for yourself.
Show it to your teacher (or your friend) and discuss
what level and mark your attempt would have got.
The KEY to this question is: 'Have I
assessed HOW MUCH?'.
(a) Which part of the Treaty of
Versailles caused more anger in Germany:
the loss of territory in
war guilt and
You must refer to
both part when explaining your
Plan: loss of territory – made Germany slightly weaker
– angered people because they felt threatened.
War guilt – Germany was forced to accept the blame for
the war – even though they thought it wasn’t their
Reparations – forced to pay money they couldn’t afford
– became poorer country.
the loss of territory in Europe and the war guilt and
reparations angered Germany a lot. Germany
was made a much smaller country by losing territory
such as Alsace-Lorraine and the Sudetenland.
Also, Germany wasn’t allowed troops into the
Losing so much territory would have affected German’s
pride and would have made them feel threatened by
surrounding countries, in particular, France, because
much of their land had been lost to them and now
France had the larger army making them a large threat
to the German people.
On the other hand being forced to accept the blame for
the war and paying large amounts of money in
reparations would have also affected the German
people. Germany was already a smaller country
doe to losing land to surrounding countries including
France, so having to pay reparations to them as well,
would have caused even more anger.
Furthermore, accepting the blame for something that
they didn’t feel was their fault would have made
feelings in Germany even worse.
in my opinion the war guilt and reparations would have
angered the German people more than the loss of
territory. Having to pay money they couldn’t afford
to pay and accepting the blame for the war would have
made the situation worse. This in conjunction with
the loss of land would have upset Germany even more.
Loss of territory – for - couldn’t defend itself and
weren’t actually taken over. Against – lost
War guilt & reparations – for – didn’t think they were
to blame, starving children
Conclude – judgement – war guilt (fact), as it
triggered off the rest
2. The Germans were
extremely angry with the terms of the treaty. One
main part was that they lost land in Europe. This
annoyed them as not only did they have give away
territory which they had conquered and therefore been
able to take over but the ToV made them lose a lot of
land which was helpful industrially and for farming.
They lost everything that they had fought for in the
past years by sacrificing lives, which got them
furious about the treaty.
üL2E It was unfair and meant
that they couldn’t defend themselves. However, they
didn’t lose some of them permanently like the Saar
which wasn’t too harsh.
The war guilt & reparations caused most anger however,
because firstly they didn’t think they were entirely
to blame and the other countries were ‘bullying’ and
The reparations made them think they were trying to
starve their children who were all innocent!
On the other hand it was paid in instalments and not
taken straight away like the land was.
conclusion I think the reparations and war guilt
played a bigger part in causing anger because all the
other parts were triggered off by the war guilt as it
was all a part of punishment. Also I know for a fact
that German were most angered by Clause 231 because
they didn’t think they had lost and now they were
being blamed and accused!
*ToV = loss of territory – Germany became poorer
industrial land lost (Saars) and agricultural land too
(West Prussia) contrary to self-determination – small
and weak against larger countries = humiliation
*ToV = war guilt “such a confession in my mouth would
be a lie” unfair; clause 231, reparations – starving
children, forced to pay caused hyperinflation (March
3. I can see that
there are many events caused by the Treaty of
Versailles, which had inflicted anger towards the
Germans, which later on caused World War 2. One of
these principles which caused great anger was the loss
of territory in Europe. After losing industrial land
which was the Saar coal mines as well as agricultural
land (West Prussia),
üL2D Germany became poorer and gave
Germans every right to be angry
üL2E not only this but,
because of the loss of territory Germany became weaker
and smaller (contrary to self-determination) causing
great humiliation to the once proud Germany, and again
causing great anger.
On the other hand war guilt was
German soldier said before signing the ToV: “such a
confession in my mouth would be a lie”. The fact
that that they had been placed the blame and it was
not their fault caused more anger.
reparations also did the same, the Germane believed
that allies were trying to starve their children and
only started paying when the allies invaded (March
1921) the brutal consequences were that hyperinflation
üL2A Overall the part of the ToV which caused
most anger in Germany would have been the loss of
territory which caused poverty and humiliation which
WWI reminded them of. The reparations on the other
hand was called off in July 1932.
4. The Treaty of
Versailles caused much anger in Germany. Some people
may argue that the loss of territory in Europe caused
most outrage as it divided many families. As well as
the heartache and isolation this caused, it also
damaged the patriotic feelings many Germans held
now-humiliated country. Another way, it
caused more outrage was that Germany lost one tenth of
its land, including industrial areas needed for
This badly damaged the German economy, causing
poverty, hunger and frustration – causing far more
outrage than war guilt
One the other hand, it could be said that war guilt
and reparations caused most damage and anger
War guilt hurt the Germans in 2 ways.
Firstly, the humiliation of being blamed for the war
led to anger and resentment of clause 231.
Secondly, most Germans felt that they were not
responsible for the war anyway, and, as one Count
said, ‘such a confession in my mouth would be a lie’.
This frustration led to anger again.
Reparations also damaged the German economy,
spiralling then into poverty and resentment.
think that both of these terms of the Treaty of
Versailles were equally important in the anger of the
German people. The treaty, as a whole, and
combinations of terms caused the anger.
EXAMPLE QUESTIONS TO TRY