Revision Diary

Sarajevo

         

Sarajevo, Austria/Hungary and the Serbs;

  

Make sure you have detailed factual knowledge about AND HAVE THOUGHT ABOUT the following issues and topics:

  

WHY DID THE SARAJEVO ASSASSINATION LEAD TO THE OUTBREAK OF WAR IN 1914?

1.  A description of the Sarajevo Crisis.

2.  The effects of the Sarajevo Crisis.

    

  

  

  

The Sarajevo Crisis of 1914

Overview

Serbia was threatening to attack Austria.   On 28 June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was inspecting the troops at Sarajevo in Bosnia, when he was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, one of a gang of six Bosnian Serbs lined up along the Appel Quay to kill him.

 

Facts

1.   Franz Ferdinand was inspecting the army in Sarajevo with his wife Sophie to celebrate their wedding anniversary because Austrian rules prevented him attending state functions with a 'commoner'.

2.   28 June was also Serbia's National Day - the parade was a direct affront to Serbian nationalists.

3.   Cabrinovic threw a bomb.   He missed, but the Archduke decided to return home immediately via a different route.   No one told the driver of the change of plan, so he went the wrong way then, when told of his error, stopped the car ... in front of Princip, who pulled out a gun and killed Franz Ferdinand and Sophie.

  

 

Results of the Sarajevo Crisis

 

     Note that it is arguable that Sarajevo caused the war:

1.   The assassination provoked Austria to go to war with Serbia, which led to the slide to the First World War.

  

     Note that it is arguable that Sarajevo did NOT cause the war:

2.   The assassination caused horror, but not an international crisis (the Kaiser went on holiday).

3.   It was Austria which provoked the international crisis by sending Serbia an ultimatum on 23 July 1914 - it was THIS which started the sequence of events leading to the outbreak of war.

  

      Note that you may need to use your knowledge of the events leading to the outbreak of war for this question.  

  

     

Revision Focus

This is a Paper 1 topic, so concentrate on learning:

1.   WHAT happened

2.   EFFECTS/ Importance

  

Links

e-book on the crises leading to WWI.

        

Powerpoints:

    Crises    ppt.   swf.