The government 'called up' men to fight in the armed
forces, but it also had to conscript men to work in certain industries
People in 'exempt occupations'
(e.g. tax collectors) were not called up, and people were allowed to be
'conscientious objectors' if they offered
to work on farms, in
hospitals, clearing up after air raids etc.
Towards the end of
the war, the government called up women to go to
work in essential industries (e.g. munitions).
Germans and Italians were
interviewed to see if they were a danger to national security.
By 1940, most of them were arrested, but - as the war went on - many were
allowed to return to their homes.
1940: two million men aged 20–27 were called up.
2. 60,000 Conscientious Objectors
were sent to prison because they refused to help the war effort in any way
3 22,000 ‘Bevin boys’
were conscripted to
work in the mines.
‘Category A’ (= dangerous)
Germans were interned.
declared war on Britain, Churchill had all Italians in Britain arrested.