If Hitler was going to invade Britain, his Luftwaffe would
Britain's air defences, so the Battle of Britain began with a battle for
control of the skies.
FIRST, Hitler attack the radar
stations - his FIRST MISTAKE was that they were not knocked out.
SECOND, he attacked the RAF
fighter planes ('dogfights'). After almost a month, the
Luftwaffe was winning - many British pilots had been killed and the rest
BUT THEN, too soon, he made his
SECOND MISTAKE and spent a few nights bombing London - giving the RAF
time to recover. When he tried a huge daylight raid on 15
September (Battle of Britain day), the RAF won.
FINALLY, Hitler switched to night
bombing ('the Blitz'). This was his THIRD MISTAKE.
It wrecked London, but it did nothing to win the war because it did NOT
break the Londoners morale
Battle of Britain
1. Hitler called his campaign to conquer
Britain: 'Operation Sealion'.
2. Churchill said of the young
fighter pilots: 'Never
in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few'.
The RAF lost 1,173 planes and 510 pilots
and gunners. The Luftwaffe lost
1,733 planes and 3,368 airmen.
1. Many people built a corrugated
iron 'Anderson' shelter
in their gardens.
of bomb: High Explosives
('HEs') and fire bombs ('incendiaries')
3. During air raids the ARP enforced the
Women’s Voluntary Service handed out tea and blankets.