Revision Diary

Korean War

       

Korean War.

 

 

Make sure that you know the situation of Korea after WWII

You will need to know the story of the Korean War and its results.

    

  

  

Korea after WWII

  1. After the war, the Americans and Russians divided Korea into Communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.

  2. The ruler in North Korea was the hard-line communist Kim Il Sung.  

  3. The President of South Korea was Syngman Rhee.

  4. North and South Korea hated each other.

   

  

  

The Korean War

Overview

Kim Il Sung got the support of Stalin and Mao Zedong (the leader of China) to invade South Korea.   In 1950, he attacked, easily defeated the South Korean army, and almost conquered all South Korea.

The Americans persuaded the United Nations to support South Korea.   They drove back the North Koreans, and almost conquered North Korea.  

The Chinese entered the war and drove the Americans back.   The two sides stopped at the border where the war began - and stayed there for the next 3 years!

In 1953, Eisenhower became American president.  He threatened to use the atomic bomb, and the Chinese agree to end the fighting.  

  

Facts

    In 1950, Syngman Rhee boasted that he was going to attack North Korea.    It gave Kim Il Sung the excuse to invade South Korea.  

   The UN troops were led by Gen. MacArthur.   He led an amphibious assault at Inchon with 300,000 UN troops.

    NKPA - the North Korean People's Army

     ROKs - the Republic of Korea's (South Korea's) army

     The Chinese soldiers were called 'People's Volunteers'.

 

 

Results of the Korean War

  1. Perhaps 10 million people died, including perhaps half a million Chinese soldiers.

  2. Korea stayed split and still is.

  3. Korea made the Americans go in the 1960s into the Vietnam War.  

  4. Many Americans had wanted to use the atomic bomb in Korea, and the world came close to nuclear war.  

 

Revision Focus

This is a Paper 1 topic, so concentrate on learning:

1.   WHAT happened

2.   EFFECTS/ Importance

  

Links

e-book on Korean War,

  

  

Online revision sheet  

  

   

Essay on the events of the Korean War